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Types of Periodontal Therapy
Gum disease is one of the most prolific dental problems seen in the U.S.
Healthy gums are crucial if we are to retain our natural teeth for as long as possible. This is because their primary functions are to hold the teeth in
What is periodontal disease and what causes it?
Gum disease may go by many names (periodontal disease, gingivitis
- Bleeding when brushing
- Red, swollen, sore gums
- Infections, that could spread beyond the gum and to other parts of the body
- Extreme pain
In its most advanced stage, periodontal disease can cause the bone in the jaw and the gums to deteriorate, meaning that your teeth will lose some of their support. In some instances, patients with severe periodontitis may find that they lose one or more teeth due to the condition.
The earlier that periodontal disease is diagnosed, the sooner treatments can be offered, improving the likelihood that you will be able to eradicate the condition
What types of periodontal therapy are available?
If you have been diagnosed with periodontitis, then there a range of therapies that may be recommended to you. Nearly all dentists will advocate trying non-surgical therapies
Scaling and root planing
This non-surgical dental treatment is one of the most common when it comes to dealing with
Scaling and root
Once the infected tissue has been removed, our dentist may prescribe you with a course of antibiotics which will help ensure that any infection that may have spread to other parts of your body is also dealt with.
Some people subconsciously clench or grind their teeth. This is a condition known as bruxism, and studies have shown that it can contribute to the development of periodontal disease. To help reduce the pressure placed on to teeth and gums by periodontal disease, some dentists will recommend that you wear a bite guard at night. This could reduce the likelihood that you will develop periodontitis.
Crown lengthening is the most commonly recommended surgical treatment for periodontal disease. Patients can expect their dentist to reshape the gum line by cutting away any infected tissue. More of the tooth is exposed during this procedure, so it is also often recommended as a cosmetic treatment for patients who have particularly ‘gummy’ smiles.
Pocket reduction surgery
The periodontal pockets are the tiny areas of space between the gums and teeth, where bacteria accumulate and cause periodontal disease. This surgery is often performed on patients with deep periodontal pockets in addition to root scaling and